What and how to feed a puppy?
When you get a puppy, he brings a lot of joy, noise and fun. When this new owner is faced with a lot of questions about the care and feeding of the puppy. Everyone wants to make things right, because on this depends the whole future life and health of your pet. In this article you will learn how and what to feed your puppy.
Growth and development in young dogs is divided into several stages: milk (when the puppies feed on breast milk), phase separation from mother, the active growth phase final growth phase.
We’ll talk about the two most important for the owner of the puppy phases of growth: active (from the time of weaning or of the arrival of a puppy until the age of 6-7 months) and final (from 6 months up to the end of growth). For convenience, I suggest that the puppies in an active growth phase called the puppies, and in the final of the juniors, especially as this classification is generally accepted.
Feeding the puppy (first growth phase)
Active and the main, growth phase is the most important period, at this time the pups grow at a very fast pace, they change the proportions of the body, there is a change of teeth and the formation of the musculoskeletal system. At this age there are major difficulties when the wrong feeding puppies – rickets or disorders of formation of bone and articular-ligamentous apparatus, malocclusion, poor staging Usau breeds with erect ears and more.
For feeding puppies require a balanced food appropriate for her age and breed. Whether it’s dry food for puppies or wet, or it would be a natural feeding – dog it is not so crucially important, it is important that the feeding diet as closely as possible meet the needs. The easiest way to choose a ready-made diet – for example, dry food, specially formulated and manufactured for puppies. The finished feed must be marked “food for pups” . preferably specifying the species and age group. This specialization of diet, by the way, usually means the highest quality forage. How to distinguish high quality from low quality food I will cover in a separate article.
As for breed characteristics, it is necessary to consider the size of the breed (the size of the granules must be suitable jaw apparatus of the puppy). Too small granules dogs swallow too quickly, and with them falls the air is the cause of belching or gas. Too large granules it will be difficult for the puppy to chew.
Usually on food packaging are listed daily feeding of the dog . It is, as a rule, the average rate, targeting the average dog. It can, if necessary, to retreat, to 20% by increasing or decreasing it, if there is such a need. The daily rate must be divided into equal parts by the number of feedings per day.
At the age of 3 months feed your puppy 5 times a day, and dry food is recommended to soak a small amount of warm water. Although many puppies without problems and cope with dry pellets – it is important to provide free access to fresh water in sufficient quantity. A bowl of water should be changed 1 – 2 times a day, thoroughly wash it and pour fresh water.
Up to 4 months feed the puppy 4 times a day. Divide the daily rate of feed into 4 pieces and distribute them over the same timeframe (e.g. in the morning at 8 o’clock, then at 11, 15, 19 and 22 hours before bedtime).
At the age of 4 to 6 months you can switch to feeding three times a day, and after 6 months – twice. Although an adult dog can be fed 3 times a day, but usually with six-month of age dogs are transferred to feeding 2 times a day – in the morning give half the daily requirement, and the other half in the evening.
How and what to feed dogs, you now know, it remains only to clarify to feed your dog at or after the walk, if you have already started to go out with him on the street. After each feeding, do not play with your puppy – he must rest for an hour or two.
Feeding the juniors (second growth phase)
The second phase of growth, especially for medium to large sized breeds, characterized by slow tempo, so the juniors didn’t need such a high-calorie food as puppies. The teeth to the beginning of the final phase of the growth changed completely. It is advisable to switch to a specialized food “for juniors”, corresponding to the breed. It has a lower calorific value and lower content of protein compared with feed for puppies . In small breeds the difference between the active and final phase of growth is not so great, so they are ideal food for puppies until the age of 12 months.
Different breeds finish growing at different times. The small breed puppies become adult dogs 10 – 12 months. Puppies of medium breeds grow to 15 months. Large and giant breeds usually finish growing and forming to 18 months and sometimes 2 years. This is the age in which we must proceed with feed for puppies or juniors to adult dog food. On how and what to feed dog after 2 years, you will learn in the following article.
Trends in modern society are such that dogs, especially puppies, often perecherkivaet, and this creates health problems. In adult dogs occurs overweight (obesity in dogs), puppies and excessive feeding start to grow too fast. Higher they grow, they will not grow, but premature, too rapid a weight creates unnecessary strain for even the immature musculoskeletal system. So the rule is: in feeding not necessary to adhere to the maximum quantities and optimal, which is a prerequisite for harmonious growth.
Smart growth – not too fast and not too slow, typical for this breed. Especially with large and giant breeds should not make this mistake – the consequences can last a lifetime. As Pavlo, problems with joints and ligaments, as well as incorrect position of the limbs and the whole silhouette in General.
You need to avoid not only high calorie food. Nor should without the doctor good reason to Supplement a complete and balanced food for puppies vitamins, minerals and other supplements. These feed additives are useful, but only in the case of natural feeding of dogs. The combination of the additive with the feed in each case you should consult a veterinarian-nutritionist.
Using treats for training (a necessary process at this age) is to pick them up so that it was possible to use minimal portions. Subtract from daily requirement of dry fodder amount used per day treats.
Proper puppy nutrition – the key to a long and happy life! If You have any questions – write, I’d be happy to help you.